25 Sep Family Tragedies I
The story of Itsekh (Izaak) Rosentreter
Events of November 1890
I don’t want to speculate on the circumstances of this Jewish family’s tragedy, however it is suspicious that Izaak & his nephew Mikhail-Aliye both died (were killed) the same night that his daughter Perel-Itta was born.
His son Tanchen died the next day and his daughter 12 days later. Interestingly, his wife survived and went on to re-marry Boruch Binkovsky 5 years later on the 12 Feb 1895.
For all of the deaths, the witnesses who reported them appear to be related to Izaak’s wife and mother.
Marriage: Itsekh Rosentreter [I4526] & Bluma-Fridla Kopinsky [I4527] oo 8 Jun 1888
It took place in the city of Kolo on June 9, 1888 at 11 am. Vigdor-Leibus Leventhal, the rabbi of the city of Kolo, appeared together with Itsekh Rosentreter, single, 25 years old, the son of Tankhen and Maria-Khudes, née Gutman, a resident of the city of Dombe (today Dabie), and Bluma-Fridla Kopinsky, a maiden, 25, the daughter of Mikhail and Ester, nee Shmerlevskaya, the Kopinsky spouses, who lives in the city of Kolo with her parents, in the presence of Abram Sauberman, a merchant, 58 years old, and Gersh Naiman, a synagogue minister, 56 years old, all living in the city of Kolo, and announced that yesterday at 8 pm he had blessed a religious marriage union between Itsech Rosentreter and Bluma-Fridla Kopinsky. This marriage was preceded by three announcements, published in the Dombe and Kolo synagogues on May 7, 14 and 21 of this year. The newlyweds announced that the prenuptial agreement had not been concluded between them. The permission of the parents to the bride followed verbally. This act is signed by those present.
Birth of Daughter: Perel-Itta Rosentreter [I4551] * 2 Nov 1890
It took place in the city of Kolo on November 15, 1890 at 6 pm. Mindla Gutman, a midwife, 38 years old, living in the city of Kolo, appeared in the presence of witnesses Mikhail Kopinsky, a merchant, 44 years old, and Gersh Naiman, a synagogue minister, 62 years old, living in the city of Kolo, and presented us with a female baby, announcing that she was born in the local city on November 2 of this year at 4 p.m. from the late Itsek Rosentreter, 27 years old, a resident of the city of Domba, a reserve soldier who was killed in the local city on the night of November 2, and his legal wife Fridla-Bluma, nee Kopinskaya, 22 years old from family. This baby is given the names Perel-Itta. This act is signed after reading by those present.
Death: Itsekh or Izaak Rosentreter [I4526] + 2 Nov 1890
It took place in the city of Kolo on November 3, 1890 at 3 o’clock in the afternoon. Shlyama Kopinski (Brother in Law), 35 years old, and Machek Gutman (Uncle by Marriage), 48 years old, merchants living in the city of Kolo, appeared, and announced that on the night of the second day of this November, died here in the city of Kolo Itsek Rosentreter, a reserve soldier, 27 years old, son of Tanchen and Mariem-Hudes, nee Gutman, a resident of the city of Dombé, temporarily residing in Kolo, leaving behind his widowed wife Bluma-Fraidla, nee Kopinskaya. This act is signed by those present.
Death of Nephew: Mikhail-Aliye Rosentreter [I4555] + 2 Nov 1890
It took place in the city of Kolo on November 3, 1890 at 3 o’clock in the afternoon. Shlyama Kempinski (Same witness as previous), 35 years old, and Machek Gutman (Same witness as previous), 48 years old, merchants living in the city of Kolo, appeared and announced that on the night of the second day of this November, Mikhail-Aliye Rosentreter, 15 years old, son of Mayer, had died here in the city of Kolo. a resident of the city of Tursk, who temporarily lived in Kolo with relatives. This act is signed after reading by those present.
Death of Son: Tanchen Rosentreter [I4556] + 3 Nov 1890
It took place in the city of Kolo on November 4, 1890 at 12 noon. Shlyama Kempinski (Same witness as previous), 35 years old, and Maczek Gutman (Same witness as previous), 48 years old, merchants living in the city of Kolo, appeared and announced that yesterday at 6 o’clock in the evening he died here in the city of Kolo Tanchen Rosentreter, one and a half years old, the son of Itsek and Fridla-Bluma, nee Kopinska, spouses Rosentreter, residents of the city of Dombé, temporarily residing in Kolo. This act is signed after reading by those present.
Death of Daughter: Perel-Itta Rosentreter [I4551] * 15 Nov 1890
It took place in the city of Kolo on November 16, 1890 at three o’clock in the afternoon. Mikhail Kopinsky, a merchant, 44 years old, and Gersh Naiman, a synagogue minister, 62 years old, living in the city of Kolo, appeared and announced that yesterday at 11 o’clock in the evening she died here in the city of Kolo Perel-Itta Rosentreter, two weeks old, the daughter of the deceased Itsek and the surviving Freidla-Bluma, nee Kopinsky, the Rosentreter spouses, permanent residents of the city of Domba. This act was signed after reading by those present, of which Kopinsky is the uncle of the deceased.
About Koło, Koło County, Poland
Koło is one of the oldest towns in Poland. It was granted town status in 1362 by King Casimir III. It was situated in a safe place near the royal castle, on the island in the branches of the Warta River; the town had no walls but only two gates.
Koło was destroyed twice, once in 1622 by the Lisowski forces, and in 1655 by the Swedes.
After the return of Poland’s sovereignty at the end of World War I, Koło was assigned to Łódź Voivodeship. A new railway line opened in 1921 from Kutno to Strzałkowo via Koło. In the early 20th century, the Jewish population of Koło made up almost 50 percent of the total population.
The Germans captured Koło on September 18, 1939. On September 19, Jewish males over the age of 14 were rounded up and sent to forced labour. The Jewish synagogue was set on fire the following day. The first Aktion, conducted by Wehrmacht soldiers and gendarmes, took place in December 1939, in which 100 Jews were executed. In December 1940, the Jews were rounded up in a ghetto, which was liquidated the following year, in December 1941. The remaining Jews were deported to Chełmno Extermination Camp, where they were killed in gas vans and buried in mass graves.
Jews in Koło
Koło Jewry was first mentioned in 1429, in the records of the district courts in Konin.
In 1571 a contract was drafted with regard to the status of the Jews in the city, in which it was stipulated that: “The city’s Christians have undertaken to provide assistance to the Jews against all attack, in return for which the Jews will pay an annual tax to the municipal kitty.” In 1593, an agreement was drawn up between the municipality and the Jews of Koło whereby it was stated that Jews found guilty in a court trial were to be incarcerated in the municipal jail, but they would be exempted from imprisonment if the leaders of the community vouched for them.
The city of Koło and the surrounding area were “starostwo nieogrodowe dzierzawne”, in other words, an estate of the king given to an aristocrat in return for a minimal lease payment. During a visit by the starostwo auditor, on behalf of the Sejm [Polish Parliament], the Jews of Koło complained that the city’s residents illegally obliged them to provide a carriage and horses for the king’s use.
The Koło Jewish community was still a medium-sized community in the eighteenth century. In 1729 the community was asked to pay 150 gold coins as an annual poll tax. In 1738 this sum was increased to 300 gold coins.
A famous Rabbi, Meir Auerbach (1815–1878) was president of the Jewish court at Koło. Meir was born in Koło, Poland. He was a member of the rabbinic Auerbach family. His father was Rabbi Yitzchak Isaac Auerbach. In 1846, Auerbach was appointed president of the Jewish beit din in Koło, where he served for nine years.
Auerbach left Europe for the Holy Land circa 1860, settling in Jerusalem. His position in Poland was filled by Rabbi Chaim Elozor Wax (1882-1929).
Translations by Tatiana Iakovleva
From the near and far past. Some information about the history of the Jews of Koło. By Dr. Rafael Mahler
Koło on Wikipedia
Kalisz Gubernia (records in Fond 839 Konin Archive)
(Last Update – 25 September 2020) This is a work in progress and more information will be added as it is discovered. If you have additional information, please email us.